Adolescene begins with phsyical changes that occur in the body related to the growth and preparation of reproductive organs. Even so, not only does adolescence brings about biological changes, but psychological and social ones as well.
All of these changes and the way they occur determine your sense of self-perception.
It’s important that you know that these changes don’t happen in all boys and girls at the same time. Each person develops at their own pace and it’s important to respect that.
The development of new interests may occur, such as dancing, doing sports, or spending more time with friends. But there could also be the development of new feelings and physical sensations, like having feelings for someone else, illusions, and disilusions.
Adolescence represents a time of physical and emotional growth that brings about new health-related concerns.
Many people believe that “sexuality” is a synonym for sex or it refers solely to one’s genitals. This term actually refers to a broader concept.
Sexuality is a process that begins when we’re born. It manifests itself in different ways throughout our lives and also involves our feelings, emotions, and the process of developing our identity. Sexuality also influences the way we dress, move, express ourselves, and relate to others.
The development of new interests, like dancing, doing sports, or spending more time with friends. But there could also be the development of new feelings and physical sensations, like having feelings for someone else, illusions, and disilusions.
The development of secondary sexual characteristis (pubic hair and a deeper voice in males and the deveopment of breasts and wider hips in females, among others). The physical differences between males and females are accentuated during this period. additional, genitals and other areas of the body, moreso than before, are now important sources of pleasurable sensations.
Menstruation is the loss of blood through the vagina once a month. The first menstruation is a very important moment for adolescents and it is one of the first signs that they are initiating the path towards sexual maturity.
It usually occurs between 12 and 14 years of age. Menstruation cycles occur every month, are temporarily absent during pregnancy and for a time after delivery, and disappear definitavely at 45 and 50 years which is known as menopause.
Masturbation is the self-stimulation of the genitals in order to obtain sexual pleasure. It is a normal, intimate and healthy practice that helps to know one’s own body and own sexuality better.
In adolescence, masturbation plays a very important role in sexual development, favoring learning and self-exploration.
However, not only adolescents masturbate. It is an habitual intimate practice in most men and women of all ages.
People masturbate for various reasons; because it feels good, because it is a good way to reach orgasm, because it is a way to release tension, because they want to enrich their sexual life or explore their sexuality.
Masturbation does not have any kind of harmul effect to health. It should not be considered wrong or shameful behavior. On the contrary, it is a habitual and healthy practice. On the other hand, it is also good not to feel desire to masturbate or consider it opposite to one’s own values.
There are several types of contraceptive methods which are all safe and effective. It is the couple who can decide better than anyone else, depending the context and mutual care, which is the most appropriate method of use. All contraceptive methods are distributed free of charge in health centers and pubic hospitals in the country. It is not necessary to be accompanied or authorized by an adult to withdraw them. They are also incldued in the Compulsory Medical Program so social and prepaid plans are also delivered free of charge. It is possible that, according to the health insurance and prepaid health coverage, it is necessary to carry out some procedure to obtain them.
Use it when:
Ideally, it should be taken within the first 24 hours after the sexual intercourse. IT can be used up to tfive days later. The earlier you take it, the more effective it can be.
It is not abortive. In the event that the pregnancy has already occured, it does not harm or alter its course.
It has no adverse effects for the organism.
However, it is not in regular use because it is not as effective as birth control pills. It is the last option to prevent and unplanned pregnancy.
They come in two presentations
1 tablet or 2 tablets. They have the same effect
This method does not protect against HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted infecitons.
All of these contraceptive methods are distributed free of charge in healht centers and public hospitals in the country. They are also included in the Compulsory Medical Programe so social and prepaid plans are also delivered free of charge.
Las ITS son enfermedades infecciosas, que pueden transmitirse de una persona a otra durante una relación sexual vaginal, anal u oral.
Las ITS afectan a todos independientemente de la orientación sexual o identidad de género. Desde el comienzo de la vida sexual podés estar expuesto/a a estas infecciones.
Las producen más de 30 diferentes tipos de virus, bacterias y parásitos.
Las más frecuentes son la sífilis, gonorrea, clamidia, herpes, hepatitis B y C, VIH y VPH.
La mayoría de las ITS se pueden prevenir usando preservativo y, en caso de que tengas alguna de estas infecciones, son tratables y muchas de ellas se curan.
In tbe case of HPV, the condom reduces the possibility of infection, but does not eliminate it altogether, since the virus can lodge in areas that are not protected by the condom. There is a vaccine that protects against the virus for 11 year old girls.
Adolescence is a good time to verify that all vaccines are up to date. It is also important to take into account the following vaccines:
At age 16, a double bacterial reinforcement is received which protects against tetanus and diphtheria.
In the case of not having received more vaccines after 6 years of age, a reinforcement of this vaccine should be received every ten years.
According to the place of residence, or in case of travel to a risk area, you may need
This vaccine applies only to those who live in risk areas, such as some regions of the provinces of Misiones and Formosa and all the departments bordering Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay.
This vaccine is not recommened in immunosuppressed or pregnancy people.
For people at the age of 15 and only for those who live or perform rural tasks in areas of risk (province of Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, Córdoba and La Pampa)
Hepatitis B: If the vaccine was received during childhood it is not necessary to re-vaccinate. Otherwise, it is necessary to start or complete the series of vaccinations as appropriate before the end of the primary period. There are three doses: one month after the first dose, the second dose is given, and 6 months after the first dose, the third dose is given.
Viral triple: This vaccine prevents against measles, rubella and mumps. If it had already been received during childhood it is not necessary to re-vaccinate. Otherwise, it is necessary to start or complete the scheme before finishing the primary.